Monday, August 12, 2013

North Korea Enshrines Hereditary Power

 


The North Korea's Workers Party revised its 10 founding principles for the first time in 39 years this June to enshrine the hereditary transfer of power through the Kim family.

One of the 10 principles used to read, "We must honor the great leader comrade Kim Il-sung with all our loyalty," referring to the North Korean founder. But that has now been amended to, "We must honor the great leader comrade Kim Il-sung and general Kim Jong-il with all our loyalty."

That indirectly confers legitimacy on Kim Jong-il's third son Jong-un, the current ruler.


North Korean leader Kim Jong-un visits the construction site of the Mirim Riding Club in this undated photo released by the state-run KCNA news agency in Pyongyang on Saturday. /Reuters-News 1 North Korean leader Kim Jong-un visits the construction site of the Mirim Riding Club in this undated photo released by the state-run KCNA news agency in Pyongyang on Saturday. /Reuters-News 1


A government source here said the last time the 10 principles were amended was in April 1974, when Kim Jong-il was appointed successor to Kim Il-sung. In the latest revision, the principles were shortened from 65 clauses to 60.

"The ruling ideology has shifted from centering around Kim Il-sung to Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il, while Kim Jong-un has been elevated to the same status as the elder Kims," the source said. "The focus is on legitimizing and legalizing the hereditary transfer of power."

Clause 1 of Article 10 states that the task of establishing a sole leadership system must be carried out "continuously." Clause 2 says the party and revolution must be carried "eternally" by the "Baekdu bloodline," referring to the Kim dynasty.

The regime also newly inserted the term "nuclear force" into the principles as "the backbone" of the country's "military power and economic solidarity."

In April of last year, the North amended the constitution to declare itself a "nuclear power" and a Politburo meeting in March this year posed the dual goal of nuclear armament and economic development.

Source: The Chosun Ilbo
 

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